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Rhetorical Grammar, 4th (2002)

 
지은이 : Martha Kolln
출판사 : Longman
판수 : 4 edition
페이지수 : 336 pages
ISBN : 0321103386
예상출고일 : 입금확인후 2일 이내
주문수량 :
도서가격 : 20,000원
적립금 : 600 Point
     

 
Rhetorical Grammar is a writer's grammar - a text that presents grammar as a rhetorical tool, avoiding the do's and don'ts so long associated with the study of grammar. It reveals to student writers the system of grammar that they know subconsciously and encourages them to use that knowledge to understand their choices as writers and the effects of those choices on their readers. Besides providing key strategies for revision, Rhetorical Grammar presents systematic discussions of reader expectation, sentence rhythm and cohesion, subordination and coordination, punctuation, modifiers, diction, and other principles. Studying grammar from this rhetorical point of view defines the study of language as an intellectual exercise designed to open up students' minds to the versatility, beauty, and possibilities of language.
Preface.


Introduction.

I. UNDERSTANDING SENTENCES.

1. The Structure of Sentences.

The Two-Part Sentence.


The Expanded Verb.


Sentence Patterns.


The Optional Slot.


The Passive Voice.


"Clause" and "Sentence".


Punctuation and the Sentence Patterns.

2. Cohesion.

Reader Expectation.


The Known-New Contract.


The Role of the Passive Voice.


Metadiscourse.


Parallelism.


Levels of Generality.

3. Sentence Rhythm.

Intonation: The Peaks and Valleys.


End Focus.


Controlling Rhythm.


Rhythm and the Comma.


Power Words.

4. The Writer's Voice.

Tone.


Diction.


Metadiscourse.


Point of View.

5. Coordination.

Coordination Within the Sentence.


Compound Sentences.


The Compound Sentence: Punctuation Review.

6. Brevity and Subordination.

Brevity.


Subordination.


II. MAKING CHOICES.

7. Choosing Verbs.

Showing, Not Telling.


The Overuse of Be.


Verbs and Grammar.


The Abstract Subject.

8. Choosing Adverbials.

The Opening Adverbial.


The Prepositional Phrase.


The Subordinate Clause.


Infinitive (Verb) Phrases.


Movability and Closure.


The Qualifiers.

9. Choosing Adjectivals.

Determiners.


Adjectives and Nouns.


Prepositional Phrases.


Participle Phrases.


Relative Clauses.


The Broad-Reference Clause.


Other Nominals.


Punctuation Revisited.

10. Choosing Appositives and Absolutes.

Appositives.


Absolute Phrases.


Key Words.

11. Choosing Stylistic Variations.

The Coordinate Series.


Repetition.


Word-Order Variation.


Ellipsis.


Antithesis.


The Deliberate Fragment.


III. A WAY WITH WORDS.

12. Word Classes.

Lexical Rules.


Parts of Speech.


The Form Classes.

13. Pronouns.

Personal Pronouns.


Personal Pronoun Errors.


Reflexive Pronouns.


Reciprocal Pronouns.


Demonstrative Pronouns.


Indefinite Pronouns.


V. Punctuation.

14. Punctuation: Its Purposes, Its Hierarchy, and Its Rhetorical Effects.

The Purposes of Punctuation Marks.


The Hierarchy of Punctuation.


The Rhetorical Effects of Punctuation.

Glossary of Punctuation.
Glossary of Terms.
Bibliography.
Answers to the Exercises.
Index.

"Martha Kolln has created a practical text for writers and, especially, teachers of writing. Rhetorical Grammar proves that the present day "wisdom" that the teaching of grammar might be detrimental to writing is not so wise after all. Focusing only on those issues that relate grammatical choices directly to the writer's purpose and audience, or on the long-range development of the writer's ideas, Professor Kolln shows us how to make our texts clear, direct, and reader friendly. She also avoids the pitfalls of traditional grammar teaching, concentrating instead on those questions that focus only on the needs of real writers in real writing situations. Among the issues covered are sentence rhythm (for example, how the placement of an adverbial in the beginning, middle, or end of a sentence affects the reader), how to choose between coordination or subordination, and the differences between form and structure classes of words (far more practical than merely discussing "parts of speech").


After each major section of the book, Professor Kolln includes, rather than the usual fill-in-the-blanks exercises, a combination of writing exercises and "Group Discussion" problems, employing real texts or real-life writing situations.

Teachers of writing will find much to be thankful for in this little book, from clear explanations of composition choices to dozens of useful classroom activities. This is a must have text for any English teacher, from elementary school through graduate school. "

"If you want to learn to write rhetorically---not only well, but lively and stylistically too---you should read this book. From Martha Kolln, you will learn how to control sentence rhythm, which is so fundamental to writing well. All in all, to learn to write well, this book is essential. It deserves a place, I believe, along with William Zinser's On Writing Well as well as Strunk & White's The Elements of Style "

"Martha Kolln has created a practical text for writers and, especially, teachers of writing. Rhetorical Grammar proves that the present day "wisdom" that the teaching of grammar might be detrimental to writing is not so wise after all. Focusing only on those issues that relate grammatical choices directly to the writer's purpose and audience, or on the long-range development of the writer's ideas, Professor Kolln shows us how to make our texts clear, direct, and reader friendly. She also avoids the pitfalls of traditional grammar teaching, concentrating instead on those questions that focus only on the needs of real writers in real writing situations. Among the issues covered are sentence rhythm (for example, how the placement of an adverbial in the beginning, middle, or end of a sentence affects the reader), how to choose between coordination or subordination, and the differences between form and structure classes of words (far more practical than merely discussing "parts of speech").


After each major section of the book, Professor Kolln includes, rather than the usual fill-in-the-blanks exercises, a combination of writing exercises and "Group Discussion" problems, employing real texts or real-life writing situations.

Teachers of writing will find much to be thankful for in this little book, from clear explanations of composition choices to dozens of useful classroom activities. This is a must have text for any English teacher, from elementary school through graduate school. "

"As a lawyer, I spend considerable time revising my own writing. Professor Kolln's lessons on grammar helped me learn how to write more efficiently and with more confidence. Like most people, I often relied on the "... just sounds better that way ..." technique of editing my sentences. Kolln explained how to focus the reader's attention by making deliberate choices of grammar. I was surprised to learn how easy it is to control sentence rhythm, emphasizing the most important word in each phrase. She also explained how sentences can be organized to stick together (cohesiveness), so the reader doesn't get lost or frustrated. Slightly over 250 pages, Kolln's book is short enough to be reviewed again and again. Her system of "rhetorical reminders" is a set of tools that should be valuable to any writer, at any level of proficiency. "

"Rhetorical Grammar, by Martha Kolln, is a great way to get a grasp on the grammatical intricasies of the English language. But, in order to enjoy it and get something out of it, you have to be willing to do the exercises, at least the even ones, and work with the book. If you don't give the book a chance you won't like it.
Kolln lays out a very effective method of teaching grammar. Her method is so effective, in fact, that top linguistics and English graduate/undergraduate programs, nationwide, use this book. What Kolln does is explain grammar in a way which doesn't involve sentence diagramming, the most difficult part of many grammar classes. She explains how grammar controls the language.
Kolln has a way of explaining grammar that will help anyone struggling in the subject to become a better writer. The best thing about this book is that it's written in a way that writers, college students, graduate students and even high school students can understand and learn from. This is one book I'll never regret having bought. "

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