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Language, Mind, and Culture: A Practical Introduction

 
지은이 : Kovecses
출판사 : Oxford
판수 : 1 edition
페이지수 : 398
ISBN : 0195187202
예상출고일 : 입금확인후 2일 이내
주문수량 :
도서가격 : 품절
     

 
How do we make sense of our experience? In order to understand how we construct meaning, the varied and complex relationships among language, mind, and culture need to be understood. While cognitive linguists typically study the cognitive aspects of language, and linguistic anthropologists typically study language and culture, Language, Mind, and Culture is the first book to combine all three and provide an account of meaning-making in language and culture by examining the many cognitive operations in this process. In addition to providing a comprehensive theory of how we can account for meaning making, Language, Mind, and Culture is a textbook for anyone interested in the fascinating issues surrounding the relationship between language, mind, and culture. Further, the book is also a "practical" introduction: most of the chapters include exercises that help the student understand the theoretical issues. No prior knowledge of linguistics is assumed, and the material is accessible and useful to students in a variety of other disciplines, such as anthropology, English, sociology, philosophy, psychology, communication, rhetoric, and others. Language, Mind, and Culture helps us make sense of not only linguistic meaning but also of some of the important personal and social issues we encounter in our lives as members of particular cultures and as human beings.
Zolt�n K�vecses is Professor of Linguistics in the Department of American Studies at E占퐐v占퐏 Lora'and University, Budapest. He is the author of Metaphor: A Practical Introduction (OUP, 2002).




1 Meaning in Mind, Language, and Culture 3(14)
The General Goal of the Book 3(1)
The Kinds of Issues in a Theory of Mind 4(4)
The Objectivist View 8(2)
The Experientialist View 10(2)
Universality versus the Relativity of Human Knowledge 12(3)
Conclusions 15(2)
2 Categorizing the World 17(22)
Prototypes, Theories, and Linguistic Relativity
How Do We Acquire Our Categories? 18(1)
Theories of Categorization 19(12)
Color and Linguistic Relativity 31(3)
The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis 34(1)
Conclusions 35(2)
Exercises 37(2)
3 Levels of Interacting with the World 39(12)
Cognitive and Cultural Considerations
Theories of Taxonomic Hierarchies 39(3)
Basic-Level Categories and Their Properties 42(4)
The Role of Culture in the Creation of Basic-Level Categories 46(2)
Conclusions 48(1)
Exercises 48(3)
4 Contesting Categories in Culture 51(12)
Debates about Art
Classical and Basic-Level Definitions of Art 52(1)
The Traditional View of Art as a Prototype-Based Category 53(3)
What Are the Emerging Features of the Traditional View of Art? 56(2)
Is Art an "Essentially Contested Concept"? 58(2)
Conclusions 60(1)
Exercises 61(2)
5 Organizing Knowledge about the World 63(18)
Frames in the Mind
What Is a Frame? 64(5)
Frames as Cultural Constructs and Cultures as Frames 69(3)
What Are Frames Good For? 72(6)
Conclusions 78(1)
Exercises 78(3)
6 The Frame Analysis of Culture 81(16)
Classification Systems and Culture 81(4)
Two Cultural Issues 85(3)
Literature and Frames 88(3)
Politics and Framing 91(2)
Conclusions 93(2)
Exercises 95(2)
7 Mappings within Frames 97(18)
Metonymy as a Cognitive and Cultural Process
What Is Metonymy? 98(2)
Frames and Their Parts 100(6)
Culture, Cognition, and Metonymy 106(1)
Cultural Factors in Prototype Effects 107(4)
Conclusions 111(1)
Exercises 112(3)
8 Mappings across Frames 115(20)
Metaphor
What Is a Conceptual Metaphor? 115(1)
Components of Conceptual Metaphors 116(11)
Kinds of Metaphor 127(3)
Conclusions 130(1)
Exercises 131(4)
9 Metaphoric Frames 135(20)
Some Cultural and Social Applications
Cultural Symbols 136(1)
Interpreting History and the Creation of Metaphors 137(2)
Metaphoric Framing 139(3)
Metaphors Made Real 142(6)
Narrative Structure and Metaphor 148(2)
Linguistic Relativity and Metaphor 150(1)
Conclusions 151(2)
Exercises 153(2)
10 Metaphor Variation across and within Cultures 155(26)
Universal Conceptual Metaphors 156(1)
Dimensions of Metaphor Variation 157(7)
Aspects of Metaphor Involved in Variation 164(3)
Causes of Metaphor Variation 167(5)
Love Is a Journey: A Case Study in Cultural Differences in Metaphorical Expression 172(5)
Conclusions 177(1)
Exercises 178(3)
11 Meaning and Thought 181(26)
Literal or Figurative?
Traditional Assumption (1): Literal Meaning Can Constitute Abstract Meanings 183(1)
Traditional Assumption (2): Certain Figurative and Abstract Meanings Are Understood in a Literal Way under Certain Circumstances 184(3)
Traditional Assumption (3): Figurative Abstract Meaning in One Language Can Be Expressed by Means of Literal Meaning in Another Language 187(7)
Can Cultural Models for Abstract Concepts Be Literal? 194(9)
Conclusions 203(1)
Exercises 204(3)
12 The Embodied Mind 207(20)
The Role of Image-Schemas
Some Perceptual Image-Schemas 208(3)
The Structure of Mind 211(2)
Forces in the Mind 213(9)
Understanding Stories 222(2)
Conclusions 224(1)
Exercises 225(2)
13 Alternative Construals of the World 227(22)
Attention 228(4)
Judgment and Comparison 232(4)
Perspective 236(3)
Overall Structure 239(5)
Grammatical Conceptualization and Linguistic Relativity 244(1)
Construal Operations and Culture 245(1)
Conclusions 246(1)
Exercises 246(3)
14 Constructing Meaning in Discourse 249(22)
Mental Spaces
Characterizing Mental Spaces 250(5)
How Mental Spaces Actually Work in Organizing Our Understanding of Discourse 255(6)
The Uses of Mental Space Theory in Solving Linguistic Issues 261(5)
The Global Cognitive Structure of Literary Discourse: A Further Use of Mental Space Theory 266(1)
Conclusions 267(1)
Exercises 268(3)
15 Conceptual Blends and Material Anchors 271(24)
Some Examples of Conceptual Integration 272(5)
Types of Conceptual Integration 277(10)
Blends in Material Culture and Cultural Practice 287(4)
Conclusions 291(1)
Exercises 292(3)
16 Cognition and Grammar 295(32)
The Cognitive Structure of Language
Cognition and Grammar 296(9)
A Sketch of Cognitive Grammar 305(13)
Grammar and Compositionality of Meaning 318(4)
Linguistic Relativity and Grammar 322(2)
Conclusions 324(1)
Exercises 325(2)
17 Summing It Up 327(38)
An Account of Meaningful Experience
How Do Our Main Questions Get Answered? 328(4)
Universality and Relativity 332(2)
Language and Cognition: Linguistic Relativity Again 334(1)
Meaning and Culture 335(4)
Solutions to Exercises 339(26)
Glossary 365(12)
References 377(12)
Index 389
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