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Corpus Linguistics:A Short Introduction

 
지은이 : Wolfgang Teubert & Anna Cermakova
출판사 : Continuum
판수 : 1 edition
페이지수 : 154
ISBN : 0826494811
예상출고일 : 입금확인후 2일 이내
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도서가격 : 품절
     

 
Presents a concise survey of corpus linguistics. This book introduces the key concepts in corpus linguistics and provides a brief history of the discipline. It shows how corpus linguistics can advance our study of words and meaning, the benefits of studying the corpora, and how meaning can best be conceptualised. It also includes a glossary.
Wolfgang Teubert is Professor of Corpus Linguistics at the University of Birmingham.
Anna Cermkov is at the Institute of the Czech National Corpus, Charles University, Prague.

Language and corpus linguistics 1(58)
Wolfgang Teubert
Are all languages the same? 1(13)
Standard linguistics and word meaning 14(9)
Words, idioms and collocations 23(12)
Corpus linguistics: a different look at language 35(15)
A brief history of corpus linguistics 50(9)
Directions in corpus linguistics 59(76)
Wolfgang Teubert
Anna Cermakova
Language and representativeness 59(6)
Corpus typology 65(12)
Meaning in discourse 77(3)
Meaning as usage and paraphrase 80(9)
Globalization 89(12)
What corpus linguistics can tell us about the meaning of words 101(13)
Collocations, translation and parallel corpora 114(8)
Conclusion: from meaning to understanding 122(13)

Further reading 135(4)
Glossary 139(6)
References 145(6)
Index 151
"Reading this book thus helps one gain an insight into the problems of lexicology and of lexicography... This book is without a doubt appealing for everybody interested in lexicology and lexicography"
(Barbara Schlucker Linguist List )

"This book without a doubt is appealing for everybody interested in lexicography who wants to know how corpus linguistic can be used in lexicology and who ideally has some background knowledge about corpus linguistics."뾕andall Eggert, The Linguist List (The Linguist List )


"Reading this book thus helps one gain an insight into the problems of lexicology and of lexicography... This book is without a doubt appealing for everybody interested in lexicology and lexicography"
(, Linguist List )

"This book without a doubt is appealing for everybody interested in lexicography who wants to know how corpus linguistic can be used in lexicology and who ideally has some background knowledge about corpus linguistics."뾕andall Eggert, The Linguist List (, )
"I hadn't heard of corpus linguistics (CL) until I chanced on a clutch of books about it in a bookstore a couple of weeks ago. After scanning a few of them, this seemed like it had the best explanation of where CL fits into the context of lingusitics. Having now read it, I'm very satisfied with my choice.

Whereas much of modern linguistics focuses on grammar, CL is focused on meaning. An outgrowth of discourse analysis, it's also entirely empirically based, relying on databases of actual language use ("corpora"), usually from printed sources. (This is in marked contrast to, say Chomskians, who rely on their innate sense as native speakers of a language to determine whether some utterance is included in that language.) Most of these databases are maintained with some foresight and care, but in a pinch you can even use Google as a CL "corpus", as the authors themselves occasionally do. They do go to some pains, though, to point out that no corpus can truly be "representative", since we have no way of capturing all the uses of a word or phrase in peoples' speech and writing. Note that unlike some other textbooks, this one doesn't teach you how to use corpora. The emphasis is on introducing the key ideas of CL, rather than on explaining its nuts and bolts. That wasn't an issue for me, but it might be for you.

The guiding insight of CL seems to be that meaning is a social phenomenon. This is in contrast to, e.g., cognitive linguistics, which holds that meanings are related to concepts that have some connection to non-verbal reality. In CL, "units of meaning" -- which may, and often are, larger than individual words -- are defined indirectly by the way people use them. These uses are influenced by our memories of the uses we have heard and read, and especially of the paraphrases and explanations that we have absorbed from such other "discourse". The authors analyze the phrase "friendly fire" as an extended example: they make the case for regarding this as a single unit of meaning, rather than as a combination of a particular sense of "friendly" with a particular sense of "fire". In other examples, they show that the benefits of CL are often most obvious in a bilingual setting. The usual format of bilingual dictionaries doesn't give you good clues as to which word is the best equivalent for the one you're trying to translate, especially when your target language isn't one in which you're native. Examination of a corpus can be much more illuminating for selecting the best translation.

By the authors' account, the benefits of CL aren't limited to translation. Claiming that "meaning is the result of a democratic process" (@134), they suggest that since CL allows us to educate ourselves about what meanings others attach to words, it can be instrumental in allowing us "to exercise our rights as free citizens in a responsible way" (id.). While I appreciate their enthusiasm for their subject, at first blush statements such as this struck me as maybe a bit grand. Also, some of their discussions of English words suffer from the fact that neither author seems to be a native speaker. E.g., I was surprised to learn that native speakers "naturally" learn that "grief" denotes bereavement in the context of guilt, and "sorrow" denotes bereavement in the context of sadness, "and not the other way around" (@82). (As if "grief" doesn't apply to many who have felt bereaved by natural disasters, the events of 9/11, the death of Princess Diana, etc.?) Despite these minor missteps, I thought this was a very stimulating and informative book, at least for a neophyte in this field."

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