The tale of Bluebeard's Wife--the story of a young woman who discovers that her mysterious blue-bearded husband has murdered his former spouses--no longer squares with what most parents consider good bedtime reading for their children. But the story has remained alive for adults, allowing it to lead a rich subterranean existence in novels ranging from Jane Eyre to Lolita and in films as diverse as Hitchcock's Notorious and Jane Campion's The Piano.
In this fascinating work, Maria Tatar analyzes the many forms the tale of Bluebeard's Wife has taken over time, particularly in Anglo-European popular culture. It documents the fortunes of Bluebeard, his wife, and their marriage in folklore, fiction, film, and opera, showing how others took the Bluebeard theme and revived it with their own signature twists.
In some tales the wife is a deceiver; in others she is a clever investigator. Earlier ages denounced Bluebeard's wife for her "reckless curiosity" and for her "uncontrolled appetite"; our own times have turned her into something of a heroine, a woman who rescues herself--and often her marriage--through her detective work and psychological finesse. And as for Bluebeard? Once considered a one-dimensional brute, he has found renewed cultural energy both as a master criminal who kills in order to create a higher moral order and as an artist figure who must shield himself against intimacy to foster his creative powers. A brilliant account of how one classic fairy tale has been continually reincarnated, Secrets beyond the Door will appeal to both literary scholars and general readers.
APPENDIXCultural Variants of "Bluebeard" 175Charles Perrault,"Bluebeard" 175Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm,"The Robber Bridegroom" 179Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm,"Fitcher?s Bird" 182Joseph Jacobs,"Mr. Fox" 185Thomas Frederick Crane,"How the Devil Married Three Sisters" 187Peter Christen Asbj?rnsen and Jørgen Moe, "The Hen Is Tripping in the Mountain" 190Gaston Maugard,"The White Dove" 194Richard Chase,"Mr.Fox" 198Guy Wetmore Carryl, "How the Helpmate of Blue-Beard Made Free with a Door" 202Rose Terry Cooke,"Blue-Beard?s Closet," 1861 205Edna St. Vincent Millay, Untitled Bluebeard Sonnet 207
Notes 209Bibliography 225Primary Literature 225Secondary Literature 229Films 239Index 241