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Women in Early Medieval Europe 400-1100  무료배송

지은이 : Lisa M. Bitel
출판사 : Cambridge
판수 : 1st
페이지수 : 328
ISBN : 0521597730
예상출고일 : 입금확인후 2일 이내
주문수량 :
도서가격 : 34,000원 ( 무료배송 )
적립금 : 1,020 Point


This history of the early European middle ages combines the rich literature of women's history with original research in mainstream history and traditional chronology. Beginning at the end of the Roman empire, the book recreates the lives of ordinary women and their personal stories. It uses the few documents produced by women, along with archaeological evidence, art, and the written records of medieval men.

Lisa M. Bitel is Professor of History, University of Southern California. She studied at Harvard University, the National University of Ireland and the Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies. Her books include Isle of the Saints: Christian Settlement and Monastic Community in Early Ireland (1990) and Land of Women: Tales of Sex and Gender from Early Ireland (1996), winner of the Byron Caldwell Prize and the James Donnelly Prize.
1.Gender and landscapes
2.Invasions,migrations,and barbarian queens
3.The Theory and practice of religion
4.Survival by kinship,marriage,and motherhood
5.The take-off:mobility and economic opportunity
6.Conclusion:concerning famous women before and after
"(There is) rich detail and complexity of the chapters...To those who will follow her, Bitel offers her book as signalling 'the beginning of a process of remembering'. It does this and at the same time makes a major contribution to the historiography of European women." John J. Contreni, Purdue University

"Women in Early Medieval Europe takes a fresh approach to the history of the early Middle Ages, and presents an impressive body of evidence...I would not hesitate to use this book as one of several texts in an undergraduate course, and I don't doubt that it would provoke lively discussion, not only about the lives of women and men in the Middle Ages, but also about the study of history and the variety of ways that it can be approached." Comitatus

"The book has been engagingly written in an easy, at times almost chatty, style that newcomers to the Middle Ages in particular will welcome... This is a searching study which provides excellent coverage of the knowable evidence and as a result presents a stimulating introduction to the topic. I enjoyed reading it immensely and recommend in the strongest possible terms to teachers and students of the history of women (and men) in the Middle Ages." E.M.C. Van Houts, University of Cambridge

"Writing the history of women in early medieval Europe is a big job, and Bitel is the first to undertake it in a book-length study." Sixteenth Century Journal, Susan P. Millinger, Roanoke College
"As a graduate student focusing on ancient and medieval history, I looked forward to gaining a slightly different perspective on the subject. This book by Lisa Bitel, Women in Early Medieval Europe: 400-1100, was among the assigned reading for my graduate-level Medieval Women class. Since my focus is on precisely the period set out in the title, I felt the class would be off to a good start with this reading.

The book can charitably be called disappointing. Bitel has opted for an analytical, that is to say, a non-narrative approach to her subject, focusing on related issues in separate chapters. This is not necessarily a problem--I enjoy and have benefited from analytical history. But Bitel's organization is haphazard and clumsily arranged. Even within sections on specific topics, Bitel will lurch from a line of thought to a seemingly unrelated one with no warning.

But by far the worst thing about the book is that Bitel is essentially a polemicist. On the very first page of the introduction, she writes, "No one wrote stories about these women," something she herself will prove false in short order, "nor even remembered them after they died. Only stray manuscript references confirm that they did, indeed, exist. 'And then a certain woman came to the saint,' a hagiographer declared carelessly, dismissing all the woman's days in a casual few words before turning back to his real concern, a holy man." What Bitel seems to have forgotten is that that's what a hagiographer, by definition, did--write biographies of saints, not every person who happened to meet or visit them. This kind of petulance is fortunately rare in the book, but the worldview underlying it pervades every page.

I could handle Bitel's point of view if she were at least a good historian, but the biggest problem with her book is that she simply doesn't respect the sources. She cites far more secondary sources by historians who agree with her than she does primary sources, from which she merely cherrypicks to support her points (I checked out nearly all the quotations and references to the sources in context, and she almost always misrepresents them). She gives her game away entirely in the second chapter, when she says "What [Gregory of Tours and other early medieval chroniclers] produced was fiction meant to identify a people and its kingdom(s)." This is doctrinaire postmodernism, and indeed, while references to "the text" are rare at the beginning of the book they are legion by the third chapter.

With this point of view, Bitel can ignore the primary sources--they're male-written "fiction" after all--except where they offer explicitly pre-feminist ideas (which she roundly condemns) or provide a chronological framework (which she mostly ignores). And her postmodernism and feminism constantly get the better of her. In relating the story of a Roman noblewoman who attempts to surrender her city to the invading--or migrating--Lombards and is raped and impaled on a pole for her troubles, Bitel interprets and encourages her readers to interpret the story as a attempt by males, aided by the phallic symbol of impaling, to keep women in their places. What she seems to forget is that the woman betrayed her city--certainly not behavior for which a noble would be rewarded by the conqueror, regardless of gender.

But not only does Bitel, seeing everything through a scrim of radical feminism, misinterpret many of the facts and much of the history she relates, she makes numerous bold assertions, some of them flying the face of fact or actual events, which she feels no need to support with argument or evidence. At the beginning of chapter two, covering the fall of Rome and the "barbarian invasions" that partly caused and followed it, Bitel claims that "The history of women in the fifth and sixth centuries helps us discard the very concept of invasion which for so long defined the period." She then makes little or no effort to prove this assertion, but does, however, fall back on the chronology of the invasions to reorient the reader whenever her prose wanders, which is often. It may not be cutting edge to think so, but when Gothic tribes begin north of the Danube, destroy a Roman army, kill a Roman emperor, sack Rome, and settle in Spain--all within twenty years--"invasion" is the only good term that comes to mind.

She also takes a transparently politically-correct tack on religion, pointing out first and making much of Christianity's restrictions on female participation in worship and later conceding that Paul did say something about God not valuing one sex above another, or commanding Christian husbands and wives to love each other. Bitel begins her treatment of Islam by saying that the "Qur'an considered the spiritual worth of women equal to that of men." Only later does she make an aside on the numerous overtly misogynist references to women in the same book, such as "Men have authority over women because God has made the one superior to the other. . . . Good women are obedient" (Sura 4:34).

There are numerous other examples I could cite but this review is long enough. Bitel's book is nothing more than jargon-heavy ideological axe-grinding. Not a good experience for this reader. I wish I could recommend another textbook on the subject, but as this was my first foray into this particular field of medieval history I'll have to keep searching.

Not recommended. "

"I was highly anticipating this book to do what it purports: detail what it was like to be a woman in the Early Middle Ages. Unfortunately, the auther spends the entire book lamenting the lack of written material about women and, worse, approaches the lives of medieval women through a feminist lens (for shame!).

It felt as if the entire book were an introduction. The author states her thesis repeatedly, as if mere repetition will make her point. Apparently, all writers of extant sources need to be raked over the coals for not writing more about women! Also, women were not "liberated" during this time (duh!) and that's a darned shame! The real shame is the politics of feminist ideology being trucked out in this manner. This is a monumental error that one would think would be knocked out of the head of any freshman history major. It is fine to point out the lack of extant source material, but the author fails to utilize what source material there is and ignores completely the inroads recent archeology has made. I fail to see what she thought she was accomplishing.

Having read the book, I am no more knowledgeable about what medieval women's lives were like than before. The author does point out rather dismissively that women oversaw domestic duties (duh!), but never details what those duties were or what they comprised or what it was like to do them (one is left with the impression that the author does not care). She further goes on to emphasize and laude the lives of non-traditional medieval women, aka "proto-feminists", and pointing an accusatory finger at the men who made the lives of those women hell.

Additionally, while this book claims to be about the Early Medieval period, it almost entirely ignores the first half of the date range on the cover and barely gives a nod to the Volkerwanderung, and where she does, sadly continues the now out-dated scholarship which characterizes the movements of peoples during this time as "invasions of barbarian hordes toppling the perfect Roman state".

I am left to continue my search for scholarship that actually does reveal what it was like for the average woman living during the Migration Period. "

"Love this book!! It's not an easy read but it is so chock full of primary source information that I have reread this for several different research projects. There are few books with this level of primary source material that concentrate on women's lives. Must read for anyone beginning research in this field of study. "

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