Preface; Acknowledgements; 1. American Sign Language as a language; 2. A sketch of the grammar of ASL; 3. Pronouns and real space; 4. Indicating verbs and real space; 5. Surrogates; 6. Directing signs at locations and things; 7. Tokens; 8. Buoys; 9. Depicting verbs; 10. Five brothers; 11. Grammar, gesture, and meaning; Appendixes; References; General index; Index of illustrated signs.