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Rhetorical Grammar, 7th  무료배송

 
지은이 : Martha Kolln
출판사 : Pearson
판수 : 7th
페이지수 : 304
ISBN : 9780321892560
예상출고일 : 입금확인후 2일 이내
주문수량 :
도서가격 : 품절
     

 
Rhetorical Grammar is a writer's grammar - a text that presents grammar as a rhetorical tool, avoiding the do's and don'ts so long associated with the study of grammar. It reveals to student writers the system of grammar that they know subconsciously and encourages them to use that knowledge to understand their choices as writers and the effects of those choices on their readers. Besides providing key strategies for revision, Rhetorical Grammar presents systematic discussions of reader expectation, sentence rhythm and cohesion, subordination and coordination, punctuation, modification, diction, and other principles. Studying grammar from this rhetorical point of view defines the study of language as an intellectual exercise designed to open up students' minds to the versatility, beauty, and possibilities of language.

Rhetorical Grammar encourages writers to recognize and use the grammatical and stylistic choices available to them and to understand the rhetorical effects those choices can have on their readers.

Preface 


Acknowledgments 


Introduction 


 


PART I The Structure of Sentences 


 


Chapter 1 A Review of Words and Phrases 


Chapter Preview 


Form Classes 


Nouns and Verbs 


The Noun Phrase 


The Verb Phrase 


NP 1 VP 5 S 


Adjectives and Adverbs 


Prepositional Phrases 


Key Terms 


 


Chapter 2 Sentence Patterns 


Chapter Preview 


Rhetorical Effects 


The Be Patterns 


The Linking Verb Pattern 


The Intransitive Verb Pattern 


The Basic Transitive Verb Pattern 


Transitive Patterns with Two Complements 


Sentence Pattern Summary 


The Optional Adverbial 


Questions and Commands 


Punctuation and the Sentence Patterns 


Basic Patterns in Prose 


The Short Paragraph 


Key Terms 


Rhetorical Reminders 


Punctuation Reminder 


 


Chapter 3 Our Versatile Verbs 


Chapter Preview 


The Expanded Verb 


Using the Expanded Verbs 


Special Uses of the Present Tense 


Other Auxiliaries 


Do-Support 


Modal Auxiliaries 


The Passive Voice 


Forms of the Passive Voice 


The Obscure Agent 


Well-Chosen Verbs: Showing, Not Telling 


Key Terms 


Rhetorical Reminders 


 


Chapter 4 Coordination and Subordination 


Chapter Preview 


Coordination Within the Sentence 


Parallel Structure 


Coordination of the Series 


Climax 


Coordination with Correlative Conjunctions 


Subject-Verb Agreement 


Compound Sentences 


Conjunctive Adverbs and Transitional Phrases 


Compound Sentences with Semicolons 


Compound Sentences with Colons 


Punctuation Pitfalls 


The Compound Sentence: Punctuation Review 


Subordination: The Dependent Clauses 


Revising Compound Structures 


Key Terms 


Rhetorical Reminders 


Punctuation Reminders 


 


PART II


Controlling the Message 


 


Chapter 5 Cohesion 


Chapter Preview 


Reader Expectation 


Repetition 


The Known-New Contract 


The Role of Pronouns 


Personal Pronouns 


Demonstrative Pronouns 


The Role of the Passive Voice 


Other Sentence Inversions 


Parallelism 


Repetition Versus Redundancy 


Key Terms 


Rhetorical Reminders 


 


Chapter 6 Sentence Rhythm 


Chapter Preview 


Your Sense of Rhythm 


End Focus 


Controlling Rhythm 


The It-Cleft 


The What-Cleft 


The There-Transformation 


Rhythm and the Comma 


Power Words 


Correlative Conjunctions 


Adverbials of Emphasis 


The Common Only 


Key Terms 


Rhetorical Reminders 


Punctuation Reminder 


 


Chapter 7 The Writer뭩 Voice 


Chapter Preview 


Tone 


Diction 


Metaphor 


Verbs and Formality 


Nominalized Verbs and Abstract Subjects 


Contractions 


Metadiscourse 


Point of View 


Key Terms 


Rhetorical Reminders 


Punctuation Reminders 


 


PART III


Making Choices: Form and Function 


 


Chapter 8 Choosing Adverbials 


Chapter Preview 


The Movable Adverbials 


Adverbs 


Prepositional Phrases 


The Proliferating Prepositional Phrase 


Noun Phrases 


Verb Phrases 


Dependent Clauses 


Punctuation of Adverbial Clauses 


The Movability of Adverbial Clauses 


The Because-Clause Myth 


The Elliptical Adverbial Clause 


Key Terms 


Rhetorical Reminders 


Punctuation Reminders 


 


Chapter 9 Choosing Adjectivals 


Chapter Preview 


The Noun Phrase 


Preheadword Modifiers 


Determiners 


Adjectives and Nouns 


Modifier Noun Proliferation 


Postheadword Modifiers 


Prepositional Phrases 


Adjective Phrases 


Participial Phrases 


The Prenoun Participle 


The Movable Participial Phrase 


The Dangling Participle 


Relative Clauses 


The Relatives 


The Broad-Reference Clause 


Punctuation of Phrases and Clauses 


A Punctuation Rule Revisited 


Key Terms 


Rhetorical Reminders 


Punctuation Reminders 


 


Chapter 10 Choosing Nominals 


Chapter Preview 


Appositives 


Colons and Dashes with Appositives 


Avoiding Punctuation Errors 


The Sentence Appositive 


Nominal Verb Phrases 


Gerunds 


The Dangling Gerund 


The Subject of the Gerund 


Infinitives  2


Nominal Clauses 


Nominals as Delayed Subjects 


Key Terms 


Rhetorical Reminders 


Punctuation Reminders 


 


Chapter 11 Other Stylistic Variations 


Chapter Preview 


Style 


Absolute Phrases 


The Coordinate Series 


Repetition 


Word-Order Variation 


Ellipsis 


Antithesis 


The Deliberate Fragment 


Key Terms 


Rhetorical Reminders 


Punctuation Reminders 


 


PART IV


Your Way with Words 


 


Chapter 12 Words and Word Classes 


Chapter Preview 


Your Lexicon 


Parts of Speech 


The Form Classes 


Nouns 


Plural-Only Forms 


Collective Nouns 


Proper Nouns 


Verbs 


Adjectives 


Adverbs 


Derivational Affixes 


The Structure Classes 


Determiners 


Auxiliaries 


Qualifiers 


Prepositions 


Particles 


Conjunctions 


Pronouns 


Personal Pronouns 


The Missing Pronoun 


Case Errors 


The Unwanted Apostrophe 


The Ambiguous Antecedent 


Reflexive Pronouns 


Intensive Pronouns 


Reciprocal Pronouns 


Demonstrative Pronouns 


Indefinite Pronouns 


The Everyone/Their Issue 


Key Terms 


Rhetorical Reminders 


Punctuation Reminders 


 


PART V


Punctuation 


 


Chapter 13 Punctuation: Its Purposes, Its Hierarchy, and Its Rhetorical Effects 


Chapter Preview 


The Purposes of Punctuation Marks 


Syntax 


Prosody 


Semantics 


The Hierarchy of Punctuation 


The Rhetorical Effects of Punctuation 


Key Terms 


 


Glossary of Punctuation 


Glossary of Terms 


Bibliography 


Answers to the Exercises 

� New introductory objectives for each chapter and exercises for


testing whether those objectives have been achieved.


� New 밳our Turn� activities, which ask students to use what they


already know to talk about their own writing and about the writing


of published authors.


� New and revised prompts for group discussions, many of which


are conducive for use in online courses.


� One-third of all exercises are new; others have been revised.


� Clarified discussions of concepts and updated examples.

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